Under state a federal law almost every employee has the right to collect overtime pay, however, many employers violate these laws by refusing to pay qualified employees their earned overtime pay.  Under state law, employees who are not paid their earned overtime are entitled to not only the wages they are due, but also treble damages, and reasonable attorney’s fees and expenses.

If after reading this blog entry you believe that your employer is unlawfully withholding overtime wages from you, contact the attorney’s at Neil S. Cohen & Associates to evaluate your case.

When is an employee entitled to overtime pay?

Assuming an employee is eligible for overtime pay (more on that below), the law normally requires the payment of overtime whenever the employee works more than 40 hours in a workweek (defined as seven consecutive 24-hour periods).  Additionally, in Massachusetts an eligible employee that works in a retail business is entitled to an overtime rate for work performed on Sundays and holidays, regardless of the number of hours worked in the workweek.

How much overtime pay is required?

Generally speaking, if an eligible employee works more than 40 hours in a workweek, he must be paid time-and-a-half for every hour over 40.  The overtime rate is based on the employee's "regular rate" of pay, usually his regular hourly wage.  For example if an eligible employee has a “regular rate” of $10/hour his overtime rate would be $15/hour.

Are all employees entitled to overtime?

No.  Many categories of workers are exempted from the overtime requirement, meaning they do not receive any extra pay for working more than 40 hours in a workweek.

The most common categories of exempt workers include:

·         A bona fide executive, or administrative or professional person earning more than eighty dollars per                 week.
·         The driver of a truck operating in interstate commerce
·         Employees of hotels and motels, gasoline stations or restaurants.

Employees such as bank tellers, loan officers, receptionists, employees of retail businesses, gyms, etc. are eligible employees entitled to an overtime rate.

Determining whether or not an employee is eligible for or exempt from overtime wages is a complex and fact intensive.  For example, employers often claim that ordinary office workers, like receptionists and secretaries and assistants, are "administrative" employees.  However, to qualify for the administrative exemption, an employee must meet certain requirements. In most cases, ordinary office workers do not perform work that meets these requirements.  Therefore, they are not exempt and are owed overtime. If you believe that your employer is unlawfully withholding overtime wages from you, contact the attorney’s at Neil S. Cohen & Associates to determine whether you are eligible for overtime wages.

If an employee is paid a salary, does that mean he is not entitled to overtime?


Many employees (and employers) believe that as long as an employee is paid a salary, he is not entitled to overtime. This is not always the case.  The nature of the job and/or the type of employer dictates whether or not an employee is eligible for overtime.

It is true that many overtime exemptions include, among their various requirements, that an employee be paid a certain minimum salary.  But these exemptions have additional requirements besides the salary requirement -- requirements that pertain to the nature of the employee's work and the amount of responsibility exercised by the employee.

What if an employer fails or refuses to pay overtime?

Failure to pay overtime is a serious violation of state and federal law, and it carries with it serious legal remedies for employees who are not paid the wage they are owed.

These remedies include compensation equal to three times the amount of overtime owed, as well as attorney's fees and costs.  Moreover, overtime laws intentionally favor employees, making it easier for them to prevail in these cases. 

How do employers try to trick employees into thinking they are receiving overtime?

Employers will use many illegal tactics to convince their employees they are either not entitled to overtime or that they are receiving overtime pay when, in fact, that they are not being compensated in accordance with state and federal laws.

A common tactic is to offer employees compensatory time in lieu of overtime.  For example, if an employee works 50 hours in a week, an employer may offer extra vacation time for the 10 hours of overtime worked.  This tactic is illegal.  An eligible employee who works more than 40 hours in a workweek is entitled to his “overtime rate” of one and one half times his regular rate.  Compensatory time does not satisfy this standard.

Some employers may also miscalculate the number of hours an employee works.  Typically, this miscalculation comes in the way of “off-the-clock” work.  Employers will often instruct employees who have worked in excess of forty hours in a workweek to work off the clock or take work home so that they do not reach the overtime threshold.  Sometimes employers will ask that employees postpone logging their hours to the following week so that they do not show more than 40 hours in a single workweek.

Most commonly, employers will convince employees that they are exempt employees not entitled to overtime compensation.  As is mentioned above, determining whether an employee is exempt from overtime compensation is a complex and fact intensive determination that should be reviewed by an attorney.  If you believe that your employer is unlawfully withholding overtime wages from you, contact the attorney’s at Neil S. Cohen & Associates to evaluate your case.

Is my employer violating any other wage laws?

Maybe.  In Massachusetts, employers are held to a very high standard in terms of employee compensation. For example, in most cases employers are required to pay employees for unused vacation time.  If an employee has 10 days of vacation time and only uses 5 days, he is entitled to payment for 5 days worth of wages.  Employers also frequently misclassify employees as independent contractors and fail to pay their withholding taxes and unemployment and social security benefits.  This too is a violation of state and federal wage law.  If you suspect that your employer is not paying you in accordance with Massachusetts law contact the attorney’s at Neil S. Cohen & Associates to evaluate your case.

Being involved in a car accident is a stressful, time consuming and confusing affair, especially when you have been injured.  Many who suffer an injury in a motor vehicle accident are not sure where to turn or what to do to ensure that their rights are protected.  This article will detail the steps you and your legal representative should follow to get you a favorable result in your claim.

1)      Get all the information

After your accident, make sure to get all the information you can about the other driver and the accident itself.  Be sure to get the other driver’s insurance information, address and telephone number. Also, take note of the details of the accident itself.  How long was I stopped? How fast was I going? What is the name of the street I am on? How far was my car pushed as a result of the impact?  The more information you gather at the scene of the accident the more confident when you will be when explaining the accident to you legal representative later.

2)      Call the Police

If the accident is so severe that your vehicle has sustained visible damage or that you feel pain in any part of your body at the scene of the accident, call the police.  Getting a written Police Report from a responding officer will help prove the other driver was at fault in the accident.

3)      Speak up

If you are in pain at the scene of the accident, speak up.  Tell the other driver. Tell the responding officer.  If you do not need an ambulance from the scene of the accident, but plan to go to the hospital later in the day, say so.  Evidence that you were injured as a result of the accident is crucial to successfully pursuing an insurance claim.

4)      Listen to your body

Sometimes when you are injured in a car accident, you will not feel pain right away.  If you begin to feel pain in the days or weeks following the accident, do not ignore it.  Go to your primary care physician or to the hospital. If necessary, get a referral to a specialist or physical therapist to treat you further.

5)        Get treatment

After you have been to the hospital or consulted with your primary care physician, you will likely be referred to a specialist or physical therapist for further treatment.  Always follow your doctor’s orders.  Treat consistently and for as long as it takes to get you feeling back to normal.

6)      Call a lawyer

Retaining a lawyer, like Neil S. Cohen & Associates, to help assist you with your motor vehicle accident claim is the most important step you can take to make sure that you get a fair result in your claim.  This should be the first thing you do after the accident occurs.  Insurance companies make money by collecting premiums and paying as little as possible on legitimate claims.  That means they will do and say whatever it takes to get you to accept an unfair resolution or even a denial of your valid claim. Accident victims that retain a lawyer collect 3 times as much from their claim on average.  What will a lawyer, like Neil S. Cohen & Associates, do to help you in your claim:

·         Ask as your representative – Your lawyer will take over all communication with the insurance companies on your behalf.   That means no more stressful phone calls and paper work from insurance companies.

·         Evaluate your claim – The lawyers at Neil S. Cohen & Associates have years of experience evaluating, settling and litigating cases. With this experience, we know what your case is worth, that way you will not have to worry that your expectations are too high or too low.

·         Organize your records – A major factor in any motor vehicle injury case is collecting and reviewing medical records related to your injury.  At Neil S. Cohen & Associates, we will do that for you.  Once you have finished your medical treatment we will collect, organize and review all of your medical records and submit them to the insurance company so that your claim gets resolved fast.

·         Negotiate your claim – Once the insurance company has all the information on your claim, your attorney will begin to negotiate the claim for you.  Your attorney will deal with the insurance company directly, to take the burden off you.

·         Settle your claim – In most cases, after negotiations, your attorney will receive a settlement offer from the insurance company that he thinks is reasonable. At that point, your attorney will contact you to discuss settling the matter. While your attorney can recommend settlement to you, whether to settle the case will always be your decision. Your attorney will never settle the claim without your blessing.

·         Litigate your claim – Sometimes, despite you and your attorney’s best efforts, a case cannot be resolved through negotiation.  If that is the case with your claim, your attorney will file a lawsuit and pursue your case in court.  Unlike some attorneys, the lawyers at Neil S. Cohen & Associates are litigators.  If necessary, we are ready and willing to bring your case to court to protect your rights.

If you have been injured in an automobile accident or other accident, contact Neil S. Cohen & Associates for a free consultation to discuss your claim. 

This Blog will be updated periodically to keep you up to date on the newest developments in Massachusetts litigation and estate planning law.

Please check back soon.